As Cassella wrote (2000, 2002a), by testing normal children in the 1940s the psychologist Jean Piaget (1983) found that human intelligence grows in five stages, from birth up to the age of 6.5 years (in actual findings, since Piaget adopted an upper limit of 7.5 years):
Because Piaget never compared autistic to normal children, he never detected that intelligence grows along two cognitive vectors:
Neither did Piaget detect that quantum computing in its turn can be split in two phases:
Sublime and dangerous accomplishments accompany the learning linked to quantum computing. Leonardo da Vinci, for example, used the 2nd. attention in designing new cannons; and sought the 3rd. Attention in painting 'Mona Lisa' (now at the Louvre Museum) and the 'Nativity.'
Mark Johnson (1994) measured the capacity of four-month-old normal babies for shifting their attention ten years before Landry and Bryson (2004) detected that autistics cannot follow normal children in accomplishing that feat.
In its turn, John Watson (1994) detected the presence of conditional (or less-than-perfect) probability during the first year of life of normal children.
Watson and the two babies had discovered that a power exists that differs from having or not having total control.
Cassella (2018c) attached that power to the quantum computing that guides less-than-perfect control in mediating between the 100% perfection attached to our self and the maddening imperfection we attribute to the people we cannot control 100%.
The Inquisition burned thousand witches because it is too easy to confuse the opportunities opened up by creative less-than-perfection (0 < p < 1) with the dangers opened up by uncreative imperfection (p = 0). The followers of diabolical dictators make the same mistake. And malevolent tyrants will use their malicious capability to lie to burn any mind that would dare to criticize them (especially, curious journalists).
Cassella (2002a, 2002c) called sequence, 1st attention, or classical computing the cognitive domain (underlined in his printed books) spared or overdeveloped in high-functioning autism. He also equated classical computing with Zechariah's Hovalim, the Aztec Tonal, the Egyptian Crook, the crystal Thummim placed by Moses in the Ark of the Covenant, and the staff Hovalim mentioned by Zechariah.
Cassella found (2002a, 2002c, 2018c) that the 1st. attention obeys ten or more universal principles, which can be clustered around two statements:
Because the capacity for embracing in hyperspace both the truth and its opposite is supported by an infinite speed, within the ‘logos heuristics’, Cassella has called 'simultaneity', '2nd attention', or 'quantum computing' the infinity that underlies the cognitive domain impaired in autism.
Cassella (2019a in Biography) equates quantum computing to
Cassella found (2000, 2002a, 2002c, 2018c) that the quantum computing that underlies coherence and decoherence relies in ten or more principles, which can be concentrated around two statements:
For example, autistics cannot handle pronouns, because pronouns call for the use of the infinite speed and the nothingness that underly quantum computing. Thus, an autistic person will reverse pronouns (using “you” and “your” instead of “I” and “mine”) because choosing the right pronoun implies (Cassella, 2018c) . . .
CREATIVITY AND FREEDOM
The hope of discovering the roots of creative intelligence in human beings and nature may lead us beyond the present division of knowledge, toward the integration of our creative exploits in any field. But the aim of arriving at the crossroads of literature, philosophy, mysticism, and science does not perturb the slumber of the characters who manage collective resources, the militaries or the voters who empower them, the producers trapped by the need of financial return, and the consumers in search of a longer and more comfortable life span.
If discovering the nature of our affective-cognitive capacity to understand tragicomedies—which is impaired in autism and schizophrenia—were viewed as a critical factor in the advancement of mainstream science and technology, untold resources would be allocated to researching those spectra. That dream, however, has not found yet the support of illuminated investors, governments, or institutes!
Our most cherished aims are linked to , , ,
At this point, we are ready to examine the logos heuristics and the marriage of Ubiquity with Coincidence in pretend play.
Here is a familiar scenario: A little girl, while lying in bed at dawn, sings sweetly to her doll. The song she sings is the very song that her mother has sung to her the night before. Thus, while singing, the girl is pretending that she is the doll’s mother and that her doll is herself. This theatrical feat appears to be a piece of cake; and yet acting relies on the use of a mysterious cognitive ability, whose deficiency is the cause of the spectrum of odd behaviors observed in autism.
To an autistic individual who witnesses this precious scene, only one person is lying on the bed: the little girl. For the creative witness, however, three persons “lie” on the bed. In fact, within her pretend play, the little actress is nonlocated in three persons at the same time: her mother, the doll to which she has given life in her imagination, and herself. If the doll is pregnant, then, four persons would lie on the bed of the example.
The situation described satisfies the principle of Ubiquity if we consider that the young singer lies here and there or in mismatched worlds simultaneously. Within her imagination, she lies simultaneously in her world, her mother's, the doll's, the world of children, and the world of adults. Indeed, she is concurrently a little girl in the present and a mother in the future. Pretend play resets reality.
The previous example supports the theory that autism is caused by a deficiency in the cognitive dynamics that invites us to exist in separate worlds simultaneously (through the mind). In playing pretend, the girl’s artistic side nurtures her doll and her future. Through her practice of nurturing her doll, over time she will grow into a mother; the kind of person who can help others grow. Males too can dream of becoming amorous mothers.
The cognitive ability to readjust known reality is a good representation of a cognitive heuristics that Cassella has called "logos." The logos heuristics (also expressed by the Greek symbol "Λ") presents 'creative intelligence' in human beings and nature as a complementarity between two systems dynamics:
Recall that the comparison between the tests that autistics pass and the tests they fail also led to the complementarity of classical and quantum computing; memory and learning; the Egyptian Crook and Flail; the Israeli Thummim and Urim; Zechariah's Hovalim and No'am; the Olmec/Maya/Toltec/Mexicas' Tonal and their Nagual; and finite speed with infinite speed.
Sequence and simultaneity, or the first and the second attention, can boost each other or destroy each other in an individual, social concern, or in any natural system.
Unlike schizophrenics, high-functioning autistics keep alive the memory (within classical computing) of true happenings; but their difficulty to tackle quantum coherence forces them to match unmedicated schizophrenics in their inability to handle the decoherence that renovates" known" reality.
Unlike autistics, Alzheimer patients start their cognitive descent by losing their cerebral memory; whereas people with dementia lose both cerebral memory and cerebellar learning, or the two staffs of Zechariah: Hovalim and No'am. The logos heuristics could help both the old in whom intelligence wanes and the young in whom intelligence knocks at the door of life.
The scientific research behind the logos heuristics is not completely new. In 1964, Rimland asserted that “intelligence" is the ability to see relationships and meanings by having access to as many alternatives as possible at approximately the same instant of time” (Travis & Hunter, 1928, cited in Goddard, 1946).
One can add to Rimland's insight: Having access at the same time to a multitude of separate options is just the going movement of the paradoxical pendulum of creativity impaired in autism. Per se, the going movement is dangerous. Indeed, the ambiguity caused by the embrace of alternatives at war with each other will lead to madness when it is taken beyond a reasonable limit. Few of us have the vision attached to the nothingness in which we share the same space with others at the same time.
Therefore, it is essential to connect in time with the return movement of our cognitive journey. That happens when our hungry and beaten self (within the 2nd. attention) follows Christ in rejecting both the bread of the first attention and the power to fly presented by the devil.
The idea, instead, is to choose a combination of alternatives that brings us “back” to a refreshed self and other.
The metamorphosis that leads to resurrection (or the 3rd. Attention) happens when we connect existing pieces of knowledge (memory, in the 1st. attention of classical computing) in a new social way. One way to do that is catching the esoteric meaning of our Sacred Text, considering that science alone may lead to self-destruction.
Most people return to reality after listening to the voice of the devil and not the voice of Gabriel. Surely enough, the devilish tyrants who wash the brains of faithful acolytes, organized in socialist battalions, know how to use pronouns.
That fact suggests that the diabolical malice of the 2nd. attention, and not the grace of the 3rd. Attention, may guide billion decisions in our daily lives; for example, in the normal use of pronouns, which autistics cannot seize.
The 3rd. Attention does not rise automatically when we learn something new through the 2nd. attention and place that repetitive piece of knowledge in the memory bank of the 1st. attention guided by sequence. There is learning (in the cunning used to deceive others); and there is learning (in the preoccupation to help others grow). Instead of giving their little ones a fake explosive belt, certain mothers could give them a doll.
Perhaps the alliance between classical and quantum computing is represented by the following process: IF THE NEW SCHEMES PRODUCED BY SIMULTANEITY PROVE USEFUL, ARE ACCEPTED BY OTHERS, AND LEAD US TO WIN WITH THEM, WE HAVE TRULY RETURNED TO A REFRESHED AND SHARED REALITY WITHIN TRUE DE-COHERENCE.
Indeed, Cassella uses the term "3rd. attention," or places an irregular capital letter in the first letter of a word, to denote our return to a win-win reality. When knowledge of the reality of the Third Attention leads us to help others grow, we reach the third point. The kind of false decoherence that results in building a bomb capable of destroying a large city, taking the life of a few innocent bystanders, or inducing any modality of revenge, guards little relation to the 3rd. attention; and no relation at all with the Third Point.
As suggested by the logos heuristics (Λ), we need simultaneity (the capacity for lying and learning, which is impaired in autism) to readjust extant knowledge; and we need sequence (the capacity to preserve the truth, which is unimpaired in nonretarded autistics) to recognize the newly arrived at schemes time after time; and keep them unchanged until they become obsolete.
The preservation of sequence, the appreciation for our capacity to lie, and the potentiation of their union make the dance of change and permanence along the Way to Progress only when we smile and grow with whatever we help to smile and grow.
The next section explores the neural circuitry of our capacity to smile and to grow with others.
The figure above depicts the neural circuitry that underlies our capacity to overcome the ambiguity of polyvalent words, by harmonizing seemingly unrelated, or competing, pieces of information,
Consider, for example, the paradoxical situation of an Egypt in which English was the language of the commoners and of a ruler, Cleopatra. That queen denied whatever her people asked her; and even punished whoever reminded her of her harshness. In that fantastic world, a courtesan bet with his peers that he would incur not punishment in reminding Cleopatra of her nonsocial habit. Truly, when the Queen approached the banks of the Nile in admiring a few lotus flowers, the jester told her, "You are indeed the Queen of denial (The Nile)."
The cerebellar smile that follows a pun combines opposite schemata stored in the cerebral cortex.
Ito (2011) suggested that . . .
Within quantum neural computing, Cassella (2018b) . . .
In the same way, Princess Turandot (in the eponymous opera by Puccini) promises death at dawn to the servants that attach a wrong name to a visiting Mongolian prince (Calaf).
The quantum play of the going Coatl-quetzal in coherence-divergence-LTP and the returning Quetzal-coatl in decoherence-convergence-LTD is also highlighted by . . .
Ito (2011) wrote that 97% of Purkinje cells are silenced in the process of learning. Most readers, however, may learn about the mystery behind human smile by focusing on the process in which we choose simultaneously two dissimilar pieces of information in a pun; which implies the infinite speed of Buraq.
In a pun, . . .
The latter situation corresponds to the pun expressed in the figure above, in which the same sequence of sound ("Queen of The Nile," or "Queen of denial") satisfies simultaneously two competing situations, as happens in the intersection of the horizontal beam and the vertical pole of any cross, or on the top of a mountain, where ascent meets descent.
But if we bless our tormentors while we are crucified, the intersection becomes an intersection, while Gabriel and Michael, or knowledge and courage, switch place again. After all, we need the courage of Michael to face a problem; and we need courage again, to implant the solution suggested by Gabriel.
The figure above (Cassella, 2018b) shows how our artistic facet in a cerebellar microcomplex re-adjusts into not giving the repetitive schema of an arm that gives something to someone else, stored by our autistic facet in a particular cerebral column. The teaser behind our implicit self, really, is prone to give and give not simultaneously.
Quantum computing in the "being-and-nonbeing" thought produced in the human cerebellum/brainstem changes (within teasing) giving into not giving. In the same way, a seated baby dealing with his first solid food eats 1/3, throws on the floor 1/3, and plays with 1/3.
Teasing precedes exceptional feats, as in the movement of the leg of a seemingly useless soccer attacker who places a goal (Cassella, 2018b) through a surprising bicycle kick. Ambiguity is the mother of creativity.
Both a pun and the movement that makes fun of the aim of someone else can be attributed to quantum imagination, which deserves exploration and understanding, before smiling.
Although our autistic facet can smile, it cannot grasp humor. In the same way, autistics cannot make fun of others in the manner of the little girl that leans on teasing to offer a sweet to others before taking it away at the last second.
The teasing act performed by a one-year-old girl in using a stored movement of her arm to give and give not a chocolate to an innocent visitor may help explain how our artistic facet works.
Still, it is essential to explain first the difference between a 'forward' and an 'inverse' model, within the mysterious systems dynamics that allows us to match Coatl-Quetzal's going to Venus through quantum coherence.
After examining Ito's thought (2011), Cassella (2018b) attached the ability to predict, or 'see', the final position or the outcome of a phenomenon that we cannot and we should not stop to Ito's 'forward model'; and the capacity to produce the set of commands of a scheme that we want to take place and that we can change, to Ito's 'inverse model'. Obviously, we cannot control perfectly the movements of another person (Ito's "forward model"), while we can control what we decide to do (Ito's "Inverse model").
The fact that autistics experience difficulties to decide what to say and what to do (executive functioning) implies some damage to the use of the "inverse" dynamics, besides damage to the ability to cross an inverse with a forward dynamics.
In 1968, for instance, the soccer player Pele made a goal by crossing a pass linked to a forward model with a bicycle kick supported by an inverse model.
As with Pelé, only the best driver would stop in front of a green light, if he saw that a competing driver will approach the next intersection without stopping in front of a red light. Our autistic facet guides our foot in pressing the brake before a red light, or the accelerator before a green light. In the same way, our schizophrenic facet would press the accelerator in front of a red light if alcohol had set us free from the rules imposed by our autistic facet.
Kindness and not teasing is the solution, although nature pushes us toward teasing others very early in life.
In a similar manner, the driver that faces a green light and travels both in her car and in the car driven by an inebriated person will avoid a collision through kindness by crossing two forward models in her mind (the two cars going toward the intersection). A quantum driver will reach the next intersection through the principle of Ubiquity before both cars reach it, will come out unscathed from the virtual collision by virtue of the principle of Coincidence, will return to her car through an infinite speed, and will press in time the brake pedal, instead of pressing automatically the accelerator.
Within quantum neural computing, we can cross two forward models, two inverse models, or a forward with an inverse model, which shows the supremacy of the cerebellum in the social mammals that escaped the bite of a saber-toothed tiger more than 10,000 years ago.
Using our cognitive supremacy to eat other animals or to use their space (for example, by destroying a forest) is not social. Similarly, the use of the word "social" to impose slavery on others is not social. Because knowledge of the meaning of the word "social" is innate in human beings, however, the teasing girl of our example in the end will obliterate the desire to eat her chocolate, choosing instead the option to give it away to an unknown visitor.
The next section shows that social attitudes can be associated to theta brain waves.
Any person on Earth would reach the wisdom of the 3rd. Attention and the courage of the Third Point if he or she used the principles of quantum computing to win with our opponents. A hypothesis goes that the decision to go by the principles of classical computing or to go by the principles of quantum computing is handled by cerebellar microcomplexes through the brainstem that hosts the true archer. (The fact that the cerebrum and the cerebellum are divided in two hemispheres implies a central coordination).
A cerebellar micro-complex, then, should have the power to coordinate both the linkage between two sensations and between two concepts. That feat is implied by our capacity to appreciate the beauty of a work of art, the song "Volare" sung by Domenico Modugno, and the vibration of the diapason shown under the portrait of the Egyptian god Osiris in the "Home" page of this website.
The fact that some mentally-retarded autistics have a bigger-than-normal head and cerebral cortex implies that their diminished ability to link known concepts obeys a central damage of their cerebellum/brainstem. If we take them as our best students, autistics may become our best teachers.
We could win big with autistic persons by understanding in the first place where they stand in relation to Piaget's path of the growth of classical computing in early development; and in the second place, by devising new teaching methods that lead autistics into crossing safely virtual intersections with the help of their own theta waves.
The figure above offers also Cassella's view that the act of pressing the brake in front of a green traffic light, implies four hypotheses:
Unlike a kind person, a diabolical torturer would play with a prisoner before abusing him or her. The torturer does that because he or she has the blessing of a diabolical boss; or because there are stupid citizens who believe that they can negotiate with a tyrant.
Abusers who dispel social values, clinging to our autistic disposition to obey any authority, ignore that their betrayal will be followed by their eventual fall into the abyss of madness.
Social values pave the way of the Third Attention in masterpieces of the arts, and in Sacred Texts of all religions (Cassella, 2019a). The story of Jacob/Israel exemplifies the process of jumping from the way of coherence, on which we may sin big, into the way of decoherence on which we win big by following the voice of Gabriel and by marrying the courage of Michael.
For references about articles and books by Antonio Cassella, please look at the list provided in the Biography.
Goddard, H. H. (1946). What is Intelligence? Journal of Social Psychology, 24, 51-69.
Ito, M. (2011). The cerebellum: Brain for an implicit self. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Ed.
Johnson, M. H. (1994). Brain Development and Cognition. Oxford: Blackwell.
Landry, R., & Bryson S. (2004). Impaired disengagement of attention in young children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1115-1122. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00304.x
Piaget, J. (1983). La psicología de la inteligencia. Barcelona: Grijalbo.
Rimland, B. (1964). Infantile autism: The syndrome and its implications for a neural theory of behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Travis, L. E., Hunter, T.A. (1928). The relationship between "intelligence" and reflex conduction rate. Journal of Experimental psychology, 11, 342-354.
Watson, J. S. (1994). “Detection of the self. The perfect algorithm.” In Self-awareness in animals and humans, edited by S. T. Parker, W. R. Mitchell, and M. L. Boccia, 265-280. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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